The other method used is remote sensing techniques using aerial photograph and satellite images. Deforestation has many negative effects on the environment. Almost 95 people attended all the workshops in which 65 were women and 30 were men. It was a useful way to make people in the forestry community aware of recent policy-relevant research about forests. Decreased ability to support other plants due to nutrient loss. I am particularly proud of the Forest Policy Experts (POLEX) listserve I created. Finding solutions to … big challenges - and many smaller ones - requires research. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Deforestation also drives climate change. It is shown in the paper that the cash needs of local communities is not dependent on natural resources like forests but rather non-cash needs are dependent on forest like use of wood in day to day needs such as cooking, constructions etc. In these two districts there were two types of villages, project villages and non project villages. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. This was done by multiplying the quantity of biomass burnt (t dm) by the fraction of biomass oxidized and the biomass carbon content (t C/t dm) (IPCC,1994). However, these private benefits and costs do not include adverse environmental effects, termed “environmental externalities,” that result from deforestation (e.g., see Table 5.2). This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The post Social impact of technology – deforestation essay appeared first on EssayBishop. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The methodology which is used in the study is that the qualitative data which has been selected for the study by the author in 8 years. The other perspective on net benefits takes into account the cost of externalities to calculate social or public benefits and costs. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Looking for a flexible role? However, deforestation also alters the water and energy cycles (biogeophysical effects), which can cause a local warming or cooling depending on the region. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Damage to the forest in the valley has done due to the authorities of the superiors in forest department. Social impacts of deforestation: (4) Click card to see definition . Deforestation affects the people and animals where trees are cut, as well as the wider world. The data selected through maps of different zones and its start from baseline of October 1968 then the Swat state was merged with Pakistan. Major effects of deforestation include, the loss of habitats and species, [...] Pages: 2 Words: 621. Around 70% of the world’s land animals and plants live in forests. Tap card to see definition . Your response should be four (4) pages in length; focus on the topic of deforestation. Addressing deforestation is not possible without addressing EU demand. For the analysis of resource dependence, information was collected on resource income (RI) as the dependent variable and the independent variables included income from other sources or non-resource income (NRI) and livestock numbers (LS), given their potential impact on resource degradation. Forests in Pakistan cover a total area of 2.4%, and deforestation rate in Pakistan 1.68%. Forest loss and damage is the cause of around 10% of global warming. which results to deforestation in the locality. As by local elders the contractors took wood around ten times more than the quota which was allocated to them officially for the construction of government buildings. Growth of agriculture has largely been achieved at the cost of forests. This resource relates to the AQA specification for GCSE (UK) exams from 2018 onwards. Many think of habitat as just a shelter but it also deals with food, water and a place to nurse their offspring. SO245 Social Impact of Technology 2 Introduction Deforestation is increasing as a serious global concern. When I left CIFOR in 2006, POLEX was being distributed in English, Spanish, French, and Japanese to about 17,000 governments officials, donors, academics, corporate officials, practitioners, activists, and students. Author: Created by gy07lc. The result of the corrupt performance or activities done by the government faculty or the increased access to a forest in the last thirty years; the forest has been reduced significantly. write a short descriptive essay that defines and explains selected environmental impacts of deforestation. These may include macro-economic shifts, military conflicts, technological changes in agriculture, decentralization, road construction, and various other things besides just forest or forestry policies. This is an alarming situation and needs to be stalled and then reversed, if possible (Wildlife Pakistan). This results to polluting of environment. In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. The Social Impact Of Cartels In Avocado Production. Environmental Consequences On a local scale, the Amazon Rain Forest is host to a diverse ecosystem. A sub-project, Social Dimensions of Deforestation in Francophone West and Central Africa, focused on the broad objectives of assessing the changes in levels of living, employment and incomes of different social groups most affected by deforestation processes. Out of these 4604 ha area is covered by forests in Khyber-pakhun-khwa (KPK) and Northern areas. The references refer principally to the effects of deforestation and other forestry practices on the aquatic biota and their habitat, with some references to the effects of forestry practices on the environment and of environmental changes on the aquatic biota. The corrupt department and the lack of communication between revenue department and forestry also helped in speeding up the exploitation of forests. 3 – Deforestation for Food May Lead to Food Insecurity in the Future. The impacts of deforestation. It was lit for you. It is a main reason of Global Warming. Gopal Shukla During 21st century, 1.6% deforestation had been occurring each year. Nearly half of forest conversion (2000 – 2012) for agricultural commodities is estimated to be illegal. It is further argued, that locals cannot be motivated for forest management before giving them economical benefits. What about in the future? As the poor community has no approach to energy resources like Oil and Gas, so they depend upon wood and timber more than other classes of the country, which results to deforestation. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. It provides the areas in the three vegetation zone. The conventional view of deforestation is that rural people overexploits forests for local consumptive use and also the timber and woods traders using all possible ways to smuggle woods. The literature analyzes the linkage between poverty and deforestation in Swat valley, KPK. The valley ascends from the southern side of the Indus river with the altitude of 2060 approximately above the level of the sea towards Banak La mountain at 5500m. How can deforestation destroy livelihoods? The results do not provide direct support for the EKC notion. The water will be stagnated in lower areas, and flood happens in housing complex. CIFOR is a CGIAR Research Center, and leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA). The EU is a large driver of illegal deforestation : in 2012, the EU imported €6 billion of soy, beef, leather and palm oil which came from land illegally cleared of tropical forest. Jaguars, sloths, bonobos, and orangutans are just some of the better-known animals threatened by deforestation. 3) Native tribes. Deforestation can cause the loss of the animals and plants that they rely on to make a living . The consequences of deforestation are both environmental and social, and both local and global. Another effects of deforestation are climate change. The emission of total carbon is estimated by applying the basic methodology. Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies. Research that reaches both the headlines and people's lives. The Amazon region had severe droughts in 2005, 2010 and 2015-2016. Deforestation is a great threat against ecosystem and deteriorating the relationship between human and ecosystem. The result is intermittent droughts and floods. The first is the water cycle. The conventional view of deforestation is that rural people overexploits forests for local consumptive use and also the timber and woods traders using all possible ways to smuggle woods. Deforestation and the social impacts of soy for biodiesel: perspectives of farmers in the south Brazilian Amazon. However, these private benefits and costs do not include adverse environmental effects, termed “environmental externalities,” that result from deforestation (e.g., see Table 5.2). The contractors then sell out the woods in Skardu market to earn or they build their own shops and houses. Social issues Oil palm is a valuable economic crop and provides a source of employment. So here we saw two examples of the social effects of deforestation: a loss of major ecosystem services, including a buffer against climate change and protection from flooding; and increased infection of Chagas disease. Deforestation has several negative effects on the local ecosystems. They say, people living on mountains are completely dependent on forest for survival as they have no other ways available, unlike people living on lowland like Punjab. The impact of deforestation on climate is mostly pronounced through net carbon emissions (biogeochemical effects), leading to a global warming. Some 250 million people living in forest and savannah areas depend on … Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. The next data were selected in 1990 with 2 decades gap in which few important changes took place. There are several consequences of deforestation: 1. In each division 10 brick units were randomly selected and surveyed and this was questionnaire based. Today, 52% of all the land used for food production is moderately or severely impacted by soil erosion. Deforestation. 400 households were selected in both districts. Deforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. The paper was also intended to provide a coherent conceptual and methodological framework for detailed case studies that followed. Global warming is assessed to be increasing rapidly due to high rate of greenhouse gasses emission. Many birds, insects, reptiles and animals rely upon trees for food or shelter. In recent years deforestation has risen to dangerous levels. The quality of life for some local people improves as there are more jobs. Deforestation & the Effects It Has on a Global Scale. When forced to cope with deforestation and loss of habitat many of these organisms do not survive. Some of the local effects of deforestation include the loss of wildlife. Global Perspectives on Sustainable Forest Management, 2012. Habitat is an environment where plants and animals grow and live. Most impacts are complex and interrelated, and continuously drive the destructive cycle of deforestation. Study for free with our range of university lectures! The interview has also taken by the officers of the Basho development organization. Over the last ten years there has been much more focus on the rights of indigenous and traditional communities over forests and the role that plays in mitigating climate change. Eight villages were selected randomly which consist of four from each districts in which two were project villages and two were non project villages. Greenhouse gas... Water pollution. Government should focus on people at macro level and should work on microcredit and infrastructure development before the implementation of macro projects. Many people work in the industries that cut down trees. “Impact of participatory forest management on financial assets, of rural communities in Northwest Pakistan”. Forests sequester carbon in the form of wood and other biomass as the trees grow, taking up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (see carbon cycle). From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The sample were selected in the study and that was of 12 villages of Swat; in which five villages from low eco zone, four from mid zone and three from high zone. In the long term, the lack of healthy, nutritious soil … Effects of deforestation, Social, economic and environmental implications of deforestation (no rating) 0 customer reviews. Deforestation contributes in the lacking of Biodiversity by affecting the Wild Life in forests. The article indicates the impact of biomass fuel burning due to deforestation and greenhouse gasses emission. Further, the report accuses Asian governments of using deforestation as an excuse to deflect criticism over their poor handling of human settlement in areas unsuitable for habitation. Pakistan has an average population of 170 million and average growth in population is 2.4%. CIFOR is a CGIAR Research Center, and leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA).The Global Landscapes Forum is led by CIFOR, in collaboration with its co-founders UNEP and the World Bank and Charter Members. ... Social and economic implica tions are not left out. This study examines the effects of economic, institutional and social capital variables on deforestation across 117 countries. The other perspective on net benefits takes into account the cost of externalities to calculate social or public benefits and costs. This will result in an increase in poverty because people won’t be able to support their families. The forest department is very much involved in deforestation as they support all the illegal commercial harvesting on a large scale. The study indicates that the improved convenience combined with mismanagement of the forest department which is main factor in deforestation in Basho valley. 2.Decreasing Water Resources. 200 were from each district in which 100 from project villages and 100 from non project villages. Depending on the needs of the social group concerned, deforestation has made it possible for communities to be built. Environmental Sciences CIFOR advances human well-being, equity and environmental integrity by conducting innovative research, developing partners’ capacity, and actively engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders to inform policies and practices that affect forests and people. Deforestation is the "permanent removal of standing forests," as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines it. Created: Sep 12, 2017 | Updated: Jun 5, 2019. CIFOR achieves science-driven impact. Interviews with different people of local community show how forest management is difficult for locals. Whereas 54% of energy requirement is met from conventional means and the remaining 46% from natural resources like wood and coal. My research at CIFOR focused mainly on how more general social, economic, and political changes affected tropical deforestation. The debate on deforestation, launched mainly by Greenpeace some years ago, has been effective in raising awareness of positions in this respect, if not wholehearted support for the idea. Une déforestation excessive autour de la capitale Malaisienne de Kuala Lumpur, combinéed aux conditions sèches crées par el Niño, provoquèrent un rationnemment d'eau strict en 1998, et pour la première fois la ville dû importer de l'eau. A lot of woods which is fallen or green from the valley forest has been taken by the outsiders or the contractors using some informal permits which is called chits and the officers of the government department has given incentives from this systems by receiving payments. Over 80 percent of the population in KPK is below the poverty level, which consumes available natural resources for their survival, which results to deforestation. 1.0 Introduction. People are choking. Loss of tree cover has led to soil erosion as well as degradation. Positives and Negatives of deforestation. Environmental And Social Impacts Of Deforestation Environmental Sciences Essay. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses. the effects of deforestation on the socio-economic life of the people. Rates of deforestation decline continuously as income increases from a low of some $500 per person per year (purchasing power parity basis) to about $6,500, after which countries begin to afforest. In addition to their previously mentioned roles, trees also function to retain water and topsoil, which provides the rich nutrients to sustain additional forest life. We conduct innovative research, strengthen partners’ capacity and actively engage in dialogue with all stakeholders, bringing the latest insights on forests and people to global decision making. No recycling of water, less carbondioxcide and nitrogen exchange, more decertification, soil erosion, decrease in rainfall rate indicates the alarming rate of deforestation. The forest land in converting into agriculture land and also uses for developmental reasons like roads, infrastructure and construction etc. Research paper indicates the relationship between forest management and the livelihood of locals of KPK. CIFOR advances human well-being, equity and environmental integrity by conducting innovative research, developing partners’ capacity, and actively engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders to inform policies and practices that affect forests and people. The study shows that two main districts were selected of NWFP (KPK) which was Mansehra and Swat because these two districts were having maximum forest cover. The Earth loses 18.7 million acres of forests per year, which is equal to 27 soccer fields every minute, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). But this is put at risk by deforestation. For the collection of data 180 brick kilns of 18 provincial divisions in all of four provinces of Pakistan were selected. THE EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIFE OF THE PEOPLE CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction Habitat is very important and must be considered in this issue. Intensively... Natural disasters. The default value of 0.9 is used for the fraction of biomass oxidized. Locals of Swat valley depend on the forests for daily life use and are also a main source of income for them. The attendant effects of deforestation (natural forest and resources) manifest in environmental problems such as soil erosion, windstorm, erratic rainfall, flooding, siltation of water bodies, water shortages, landslide, desertification, declining soil fertility, habitat loss and threats to extinction of economic trees and other flora and fauna (Udo and Udo, 1999). If there were to be a law placed on the ban of deforestation then all of the employees will lose their job. The study has found out the consumption of wood by brick builder due to deforestation is estimated to be 1378,000 m3. Only such policies can avoid the exploitation of these resources. Deforestation, clearing or thinning of forests by humans to make the land available for other uses. In particular, we looked at how macro-economic shifts, military conflicts, technological changes in agriculture, decentralization, road construction, and various other things besides just forest or forestry policies were affecting forests and forest communities. While it is easy to understand the driving causes of deforestation, it can be harder to recognize and explain the impacts. The impacts of deforestation Reduced air quality. Our headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia, with offices in Nairobi, Kenya; Yaounde, Cameroon; Lima, Peru; and Bonn, Germany. Forest has a function of absorbing and collecting water rapidly when rain happens. The total aggregate income was derived from: natural resources (fuel wood collection, timber, fodder, no timber forest products, fish, and forest royalties); agriculture (crops and orchards as an annual figure including both kharif(summer) and rabi (winter) seasoncrops); livestock; employment; donations/transfers; forest royalties; and rental income. The last data was taken out in 2007 which was last available data. Deforestation in the rainforest means individual species will become endangered and biodiversity is reduced. These conditions have resulted in the expulsion of poor peasants to the Amazon forest frontier areas. David Kaimowitz, a former Director General of CIFOR, explains that social, economic, and political changes affect tropical deforestation. When analysing the causes of deforestation, the paper emphasizes the role played by processes of economic and social change associated with the unequal distribution of land, commercialization of agriculture, landloss and poverty. CIFOR research has made valuable contributions to understanding the drivers of deforestation. Information of household was collected by 403 households. Some meetings were also arranged in each village. To avoid deforestation in KPK, government must give priority to the needs of locals which are dependent on forest such availability of resources like Oil and Gas, economical benefits etc. The findings show that the forest has been decreased 50% in Basho valley and the rate decreased after establishment of the valley in 1968. Tropical rainforest deforestation is a major problem in many tropical regions and can have major impacts on system ecology and long term soil productivity. “Assessing poverty:deforestation links: Evidence from Swat, Pakistan”. 1st Jan 1970 In Malamjaba, forests decreased by 49.7% over the last 40 years. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! During this period of time he meet with the officers of forest department, he also get interacted with the forest contractors and few people of the valley which includes men and women. We need to protect forests now more than ever. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? adverse effects o f deforestation are alarming and . As like this several interviews were conducted there in valley from local jeep owners who transport woods to the people, from the local volunteers and 16 stakeholders in which two were women and 14 were men. Increased flooding due to a lack of water absorption by trees.   It allows small landholders to participate in the cash economy  and often results in improvements to local infrastructure and greater access to services such as schools and health facilities. In this study District Swat is taken as a subject matter which is a part of the high altitude Hindu Kush Himalaya region of Pakistan comprising a diverse set of biophysical, ecological and socio-economic characteristics. The rate of forest loss has declined in the past decade. 4) Conflict. But when deforestation occurs, water absorption is disturbed. But the hypothesis of the researchers stood wrongs and they debated further that poverty has no link with deforestation. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Habitat is an environment where plants and animals grow and live. Interviews has been conducted which was both individual and group in the three different workshops which was conducted by Agha Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) and the Norwegian University of Life Science. The attendant effects of deforestation (natural forest and resources) manifest in environmental problems such as soil erosion, windstorm, erratic rainfall, flooding, siltation of water bodies, water shortages, landslide, desertification, declining soil fertility, habitat loss and threats to extinction of economic trees and other flora and fauna (Udo and Udo, 1999). The work that Arild Angelsen and I did on economic models of the causes of deforestation and on how increased agricultural productivity affects deforestation rates have been very widely cited by subsequent researchers working on those topics. No plagiarism, guaranteed! These may include macro-economic shifts, military conflicts, technological changes in agriculture, decentralization, road construction, and various other things … The role of forests is climate mitigation and other environmental services makes them crucial for the survival of humans on this planet. However, deforestation also alters the water and energy cycles (biogeophysical effects), which can cause a local warming or cooling depending on the region. Click again to see term . Here, you can describe how you feel about the three effects of deforestation discussed, and what we might do about it. 1st Jan 1970 Environmental Sciences Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Pakistan is blessed by many things; forests are one of them, which cover 4.224 million Hectare (ha) which is 4.8% of the total land area (Wildlife of Pakistan). Human-induced land destruction is a major contributor to habitat loss of plant and animal species, especially in our rainforests. Forests make way for residential houses, Office buildings and factories. These are the reasons which are involved in deforestation in KPK. Many think of habitat as just a shelter but it also deals with food, water and a place to nurse their offspring. More general social effects for the Western World, but potentially a more important effect, is the lack of food as a result of deforestation. Jobs and deforestation. It is a main reason of Global Warming. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! In a contrast with Pakistani officials, international researches and statistics shows a rapid rate of increasing in deforestation have is 1.68% annually. Be able to support their families were to be 1378,000 m3 that cut down.. 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